Everything You Will Need to Know About Pregnancy Ultra Sound
Ultra sound is a procedure where ultrasonic waves are used chiefly for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes by getting pictures on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Additionally, ultrasound is used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the procedure of getting an image of the embryo through measuring vibrations returned since the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.
A sound, also referred to as a sonogram, is invited to pregnant women to track the developing fetus as well the woman’s reproductive organs. The number of times to conduct a sonogram changes from one pregnancy to another. One of the reasons to get a pregnancy ultra sound is to display for any complications that could be arising so that they could possibly be cared for. There are various sorts of ultra sound ranging from the conventional to more complex ones like 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.
Exactly why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?
Sonograms are carried out during the different trimesters of pregnancy for various reasons but are also discouraged if there is no medical benefit. However, if from the previous blood test, a problem was detected, your doctor can order for more ultra sounds. Some parents, out of curiosity use ultra sound to find out the gender of the baby before birth.
During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Furthermore, they are utilized to ascertain the old age of the fetus and predict its own due date and check for the chance of multiple pregnancies.
During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve months to birth, ultrasounds are utilized to track the development of the fetus and its own position, determine the sex of the infant, track the levels of amniotic fluid and also the period of the cervix as well as to detect some originating abnormalities.
Different Types of Ultra Sound
Transabdominal ultra sound
This is the most common with pregnancies and a complete bladder is recommended since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down for around twenty minutes on your back as your provider applies a thin coating of gel onto your stomach to help sound waves to move easily as you attempt to get the picture.
The difference of a transvaginal sonogram from the previous one is that the provider moves a transducer into the birth canal as you lie on your back.
There are also sonograms carried out on special cases as explained below.
3-D ultra sound involves taking a thousand pictures at once taking a 3-D image that is clearer almost like a picture. It is used to ensure normal growth of the baby and sometimes for to find out of any difficulties with the uterus.
4-D ultra sound
4 -D ultra sound has no much difference with the 3-D ultrasound but its advanced as it shows the baby’s movements in a video.
A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor detects some heart defects in your baby. It takes some time as compared to the standard ultra sounds. It is in a position of capturing the heart structures of the baby and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart problems.